The great antiquity and depth of Indian civilization had been known to Europe and the Middle East for many centuries; yet the precise contours of Indian advances in mathematics, literature, and philosophy were hidden behind the veils of preconception and confusion. In April 1804 he married Dorothea Veit in the Swedish embassy in Paris, after she had undergone the requisite conversion from Judaism to Protestantism. In one of the papers he presented to the Royal Asiatic Society in 1786, he proposed that Sanskrit, India’s major literary language, shared a common ancestor with the so-called Indo-European languages. He was born in Hanover in 1772 and, like many great linguists, came from a clerical background. It was one of the founders of German Romanticism, Friedrich Schlegel (1772 – 1829), who applied the term Aryan to what they saw as an Indic-Nordic ‘master race’. There are some flights of fancy here, and odd digressions into metaphysics and religion that need not concern us; but here, at long last, is a clear and cogent demonstration of the common origins of the speech of Europe and India. März 1772 in Hannover; † 12. 4 Ermittle Schlegels Au!assung von der Romantik. by E.J. The prolific root ina, signifying knowledge, science, and understanding, gives us the Persian shuneedun, shunoodlin, shimakhtián. Januar 2009. Meanwhile he had published his collected Geschichte (Histories) (1809) and two series of lectures, Über die neuere Geschichte (On Recent History) (1811) and Geschichte der alten und neuen Literatur (On Old and New Literature) (1815). Those that came after him would build on what he had begun. It’s was once suggested that everything is everything – we just forgot because of our own arrogance. Millington]. Another form, closely connected with this and with the German muth [spirit, courage], is found in amódoh [pleasure], anmuth; the a in the Indian amódo (which probably is also allied with the Persian oméd [hope]) is used merely as a prefix; from the same root we shall then have unmadoh; un being the regular form adopted for the sake of euphony, instead of ut; unmadoh [desperate, furious], literally the same as ermens, may have been contracted into the English mad. The assertion of the common features of these languages is now generally accepted, albeit with significant revisions. Before we begin, I cannot resist here quoting a favorite passage of mine from his essay “On the Limits of the Beautiful.”  It is an idea that resonates in my own experience, and encapsulates the classical ideal of reasonable moderation: The soul needs a certain amount of intellectual enjoyment to give it strength adequate for the daily struggle in which it is involved. The Latin vox may have been derived from vocho, or from vakyon; both forms are in use. In 1808 Schlegel converted to Catholicism. From 1808 until his death in 1829, Schlegel was occupied with both literary work and appointments to various governmental posts. He moved to Jena where his brother August lived and collaborated with Novalis, Ludwig Tieck, Fichte and Caroline Schelling. He took up residence in India as a missionary, learned several south Indian languages, and integrated himself into Indian society; but timing is everything when it comes to the propagation of knowledge, and the European public was not yet ready to hear of his discoveries. Since the Portuguese arrived in India in about 1510 and controlled whole cities by 1526, you’d suspect there were “under-documented” Portuguese priests and / or scholars who preceded de Nobili (who arrived in India in 1605.) But it is for his work on Sanskrit that Schlegel is primarily remembered today; he functioned as one of the catalysts and engines of the budding study of comparative philology. Here Schlegel exhorts us to see Indian literature as a worthy companion to the writings of classical Greece and Rome: The study of Indian literature requires to be embraced by such students and patrons as in the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries suddenly kindled in Italy and Germany an ardent appreciation of the beauty of classical learning, and in so short a time invested it with such prevailing importance, that the form of all wisdom and science, and almost of the world itself, was changed and renovated by the influence of that re-awakened knowledge. Change ), You are commenting using your Facebook account. By her first marriage she had two sons, Johannes and Philipp Veit, who became eminent Catholic painters. [16] Lucinde, in which he extolled the union of sensual and spiritual love as an allegory of the divine cosmic Eros, caused a great scandal by its manifest autobiographical character, mirroring his liaison with Dorothea Veit, and it contributed to the failure of his academic career in Jena [15] where he completed his studies in 1801 and lectured as a Privatdozent on transcendental philosophy. Momoh monoson, in the Latin mens, the verb monyote [he thinks] is found in the German meinet. In 1808, he and his wife joined the Roman Catholic Church in the Cologne Cathedral. He was not the first to suggest this idea; there were other scholars who had offered the same suggestion, but conditions at the time had not been favorable to its receipt. Leider machte es … He was a linguist of staggering ability:  he was fluent in sixteen languages and competent in about a dozen others; even more importantly, he knew how to perceive connections that existed below the surface of linguistic data. Minor (1882, 2nd ed. Atmoh, which signifies ipse and spiritus, has already been noticed in the Greek and German, atmé and athem [breath]. [12][13], Karl Friedrich von Schlegel was born on 10 March 1772 at Hanover, where his father, Johann Adolf Schlegel, was the pastor at the Lutheran Market Church. He lectured on philosophy in private courses for Sulpiz Boisserée, and under the tutelage of Antoine-Léonard de Chézy and linguist Alexander Hamilton he continued to study Sanskrit and the Persian language. Friedrich Schlegel (March 10 1772–January 12, 1829; born in Hannover; died in Dresden) studied law at Göttingen and Leipzig (1790–93) before devoting himself to the study of literature and philosophy. All learning builds on the shoulders of successive visionaries. März 1772 in Hannover; † 12. This article incorporates text from a publication now in the, a people originating from India were the founders of the first European civilizations, "Friedrich – Französisch-Übersetzung – Langenscheidt Deutsch-Französisch Wörterbuch", "Duden | Schlegel | Rechtschreibung, Bedeutung, Definition", Review of J. G. Rhode, Über den Anfang unserer Geschichte und die letzte Revolution der Erde, L'épreuve de l'étranger. Friedrich Schlegel, The Sanskrit Language, And The Beginnings Of Comparative Philology, View UC4iYbgNBL9F-lB7R5ef369Q’s profile on YouTube, On Duties: A Guide To Conduct, Obligations, And Decision-Making, Sallust: The Conspiracy Of Catiline And The War Of Jugurtha, Flee From Those Who Drain You, And Seek Those Who Sustain You, "Am I Too Quiet And Withdrawn?" He edited the journal Europa (1803), where he published essays about Gothic architecture and the Old Masters. Here Schlegel made his case that Sanskrit and the European languages shared the same ancestor. Jahrhundert gelebt, hättest du ihn wahrscheinlich als Super-Genie bezeichnet. That this happened is principally due to the efforts of a passionate German Romantic philosopher and linguist named Karl Wilhelm Friedrich Schlegel (commonly cited as Friedrich Schlegel). With his older brother, August Wilhelm Schlegel, he was one of the main figures of Jena Romanticism. Certainly tvon [thou] is common to all the derived languages; vhon [I] is, on the contrary, traced only in the Celtic on; the dative moya [to me] is nearest to the Greek moi; the me, which is used instead of man [me], and also in the fourth and sixth cases, is common to both Greek and Latin; but the root svo (whence L. suus, -a, -um [his] are derived, and is often prefixed as a particle in order to express self-reliance, or self-confidence, has in its declension cases which are precisely similar to the Latin, as svon, L. suum, svan, L. suam, etc. Change ). He studied law at Göttingen and Leipzig, but ultimately devoted himself entirely to literary studies. In 1820 he started a conservative Catholic magazine, Concordia (1820–1823), but was criticized by Metternich and by his brother August Wilhelm, then professor of Indology in Bonn and busy publishing the Bhagavad Gita. [15] After a controversy, Friedrich decided to move to Berlin. the Th irty Years War) in 1792. Schlegel separates his book into discussions on (1) the Indian language generally; (2) the affinity of its roots; (3) the grammatical structure of Sanskrit; (4) the classification of language groups; (5) the origins of language; and (6) the differences between languages. To make pleasure the sole object of life is to defeat our own intention; for man exists but in accordance with the decrees of nature, and her laws stand in constant opposition to his own desires. Wir bieten Lebenslauf, Biografie und eine Werk-Übersicht von Friedrich Schiller. In the final twenty years of his life in Vienna, Schlegel followed onthe success of his brother's famous Lectures on Dramatic Art andLiterature, given in that city in 1808,with several lectureseries of his own. We now return to Sanskrit. By her first marriage she had two sons, Johannes and Philipp Veit, who became eminent Catholic painters. Motih is the Greek métis. In 1797 August and Friedrich broke with Friedrich Schiller. In 1806 he and his wife went to visit Aubergenville, where his brother lived with Madame de Staël. His moment of glory came in 1808 with the publication of a tremendously influential booklet entitled Über die Sprache und Weisheit der Indier (On the Language and Wisdom of India). Wichtige M… Quintus Curtius is the proprietor of Fortress of the Mind Publications™ and owns all rights thereto. All rights reserved. At long last, we finally have what was so desperately needed:  a clear demonstration of the common origin of the Indo-European family of languages. Die Anfänge seines Wirkens reichen bis in die Zeit der frühen Romantik zurück. 2 Gib das Wirken von Friedrich Schlegel wieder. There he lived with Friedrich Schleiermacher and met Henriette Herz, Rahel Varnhagen, and his future wife, Dorothea Veit, a daughter of Moses Mendelssohn and the mother of Johannes and Philipp Veit. Karl Wilhelm Friedrich von Schlegel (* 10. He lectured on modern European history (1810),ancient and modern literature (1811), the philosophy of life (1827),the philosophy of history (1828) and the philosophy of language(1828–1829, a lecture series that was never completed because ofSchlegel's death). This is what separates a linguist from a true philologist. What was once exotic and inaccessible now became comprehensible and accessible. Prominent linguists then se… Schlegel compared Sanskrit with Latin, Greek, Persian and German, noting many similarities in vocabulary and grammar. (1822–1825); a second edition (1846) in 55 vols. Arbeitsblätter zum Ausdrucken von Friedrich Schlegel – Leben und Werk 1 Fasse das Werk Friedrich Schlegels zusammen. ( Log Out /  Karl Wilhelm Friedrich (after 1814: von) Schlegel (/ˈʃleɪɡəl/;[8] German: [ˈfʁiːdʁɪç ˈʃleːgl̩];[8][9][10] 10 March 1772 – 12 January 1829) was a German poet, literary critic, philosopher, philologist, and Indologist. In 1808 he published an epoch-making book, Über die Sprache und Weisheit der Indier (On the Language and Wisdom of India). Karl Wilhelm Friedrich Schlegel war ein deutscher Dichter, Schriftsteller (u. a. We know that the caliph Harun Al-Rashid, in Baghdad in the 9th century A.D., commissioned translations of some prominent works of Indian literature, but such knowledge remained in the hands of scholars and was not widely diffused. Aktuell haben wir 2 Gedichte von Friedrich Schlegel in unserer Sammlung, die in folgender Kategorie zu finden sind: Gedichte der Romantik (Podcast), Michael Crichton On The Masculine Virtues Of Sean Connery, The Sirens Seduced Not With Song Or Pleasure, But With The Prospect Of Knowledge, Great Deeds Of Valor From The Fourth Crusade, Never Get Out Of The Boat, Unless You're Going All The Way. Friedrich Schlegel Die Kritik muß also auch eine eigne Wissenschaft seyn! He accompanied archduke Charles, Duke of Teschen to war and was stationed in Pest during the War of the Fifth Coalition. But it was the rise of the Romantic movement in Europe that catapulted Sanskrit to the forefront of intellectual circles. That Schlegel was able to record these connections, and present them to the lay reader in a way that was both intelligible and engaging, was a skill of considerable importance. The Latin video is somewhat different in signification, but more closely resembling the Indian in form. [11], Schlegel was a promoter of the Romantic movement and inspired Samuel Taylor Coleridge, Adam Mickiewicz and Kazimierz Brodziński. Sanskrit was no longer the exclusive provenance of specialists; it was presented to the European public almost as a fraternal language. Millington, 1860, This page was last edited on 25 November 2020, at 21:18. Here he studied the Hungarian language. Friedrich Schlegel's Sämtliche Werke appeared in 10 vols. März 1772 geboren . In September 1800 he met four times with Goethe, who would later stage his tragedy Alarcos (1802) in Weimar, albeit with a notable lack of success. Schlegel in fact had a Jewish wife and campaigned for Jewish emancipation in Germany, so the role he plays in this history is somewhat ironic. Einführung Wer sich der Aufgabe stellt, Schlegels fragmentarische Äußerungen zur Kritik systematisch oder im systematischen Zusammenhang He moved to Austria in 1809, where he became a diplomat and journalist in service of Klemens von Metternich, the Foreign Minister of the Austrian Empire. Als er klein war, war er sehr oft krank. Schlegel began the issue of his Sämtliche Werke (Collected Works). This turning eastward for inspiration goes back to two fathers of German intellectualism, namely Immanuel Kant and Johann Gottfried Herder. In Jena he and his brother founded the journal Athenaeum, contributing fragments, aphorisms, and essays in which the principles of the Romantic school are most definitely stated. Friedrich Schlegel - Biografie & Lebenslauf. Weil er einsam war, lebte er ein paar Jahre nicht mit seiner Familie, sondern mit seinen Verwandten zusammen. Biografie: Karl Wilhelm Friedrich von Schlegel war ein deutscher Kulturphilosoph, Schriftsteller, Literaturkritiker, Historiker, Altphilologe, und als Pionier der Indogermanistik, Vergleichenden Sprachwissenschaft bahnbrechender Indologe. Consider the following passage, where he provides specific examples of connections between Sanskrit, German, Greek, and Latin: I shall select a few of the most remarkable words signifying mind, thought, science, as affording particularly clear evidence of their common Indian descent. At some time in the remote past, Jones postulated, there must have been some original root from which grew the majority of Europe’s languages. More than any other man of his era, he cut away the tangled overgrowths of linguistic speculation and ignorance to see what truly lay beneath. A tremendous leap forward was taken with the researches of the Englishman Sir William Jones (1746-1794). Philosoph, Kunstkritiker, Historiker, Altphilologe, Indologe - hätte Friedrich Schlegel im 21. Both he and his brother August made significant contributions to German literature and philosophy. Jones was also one of the first Europeans to translate a major work of Sanskrit literature, the play Shakuntala (अभिज्ञानशाकुन्तलम्), authored by the revered dramatist Kalidasa. ( Log Out /  The first to notice what became known as Grimm's law, Schlegel was a pioneer in Indo-European studies, comparative linguistics, and morphological typology, publishing in 1819 the first theory linking the Indo-Iranian and German languages under the Aryan group. Später, als er älter war, arbeitete er in Leipzig als Bankier. He also published a volume of poems and carried on a controversy with Kotzebue. The root re signifies speech or language, rede in German. In 1819 he and Clemens Brentano made a trip to Rome, in the company of Metternich and Gentz. His religious conversion ultimately led to his estrangement from family and old friends. 3 Beschreibe den biographischen Werdegang von Friedrich Schlegel. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. As we have noted, he was not the first to make this observation; but he was able to articulate his points in a way that the public could understand, and this made all the difference. By 1799 he had become a fervent Romantic and was entirely devoted to literary activities; he was acquainted with Schiller and Goethe, but they seemed not quite to know what to make of this tumescent, artistic soul. His Prosaische Jugendschriften (1794–1802) have been edited by J. In collaboration with Josef von Pilat, editor of the Österreichischer Beobachter, and with the help of Adam Müller and Friedrich Schlegel, Metternich and Gentz projected a vision of Austria as the spiritual leader of a new Germany, drawing her strength and inspiration from a romanticised view of a medieval Catholic past.[17]. The Indian pronouns generally coincide with the Latin. Friedrich Schlegel kam aus Deutschland und lebte vom 10.03.1772 bis 12.01.1829. Also note the hand-written caption "Standarte VII Plauen" on the back of the photo. ( Log Out /  The energies of the mind are as completely shattered and destroyed by constant restraint, as they are relaxed and enfeebled by perpetual enjoyments. Karl Wilhelm Friedrich Schlegel (* 10. He also delivered lectures, which were republished in his Philosophie des Lebens (Philosophy of Life) (1828) and in his Philosophie der Geschichte (Philosophy of History) (1829). Friedrich Schlegel's wife, Dorothea von Schlegel, authored an unfinished romance, Florentin (1802), a Sammlung romantischer Dichtungen des Mittelalters (Collection of Romantic Poems of the Middle Ages) (2 vols., 1804), a version of Lother und Maller (1805), and a translation of Madame de Staël's Corinne (1807–1808) — all of which were issued under her husband's name. Friedrich Schlegel wurde am 10. There he met with his wife and her sons. They are now generally recognized as the deepest and most significant expressions of the subjective idealism of the early Romanticists. Culture et traduction dans l'Allemagne romantique: Herder, Goethe, Schlegel, Novalis, Humboldt, Schleiermacher, Hölderlin, Literature by and about Friedrich Schlegel, "The principle of the ego in philosophy with special reference to its influence upon Schlegel's doctrine of "ironie,, 18th-century German dramatists and playwrights, 19th-century German dramatists and playwrights, Converts to Roman Catholicism from Lutheranism, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the Encyclopedia Americana with a Wikisource reference, Wikipedia articles incorporating text from Encyclopedia Americana, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Wikipedia articles incorporating text from the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the New International Encyclopedia, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the Nuttall Encyclopedia, Articles incorporating a citation from the 1913 Catholic Encyclopedia with Wikisource reference, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from Collier's Encyclopedia, Articles with German-language sources (de), Wikipedia articles with CANTIC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with Trove identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Schlegel, Friedrich von, 1772–1829; Robertson, James Burton, 1800–1877, 1846, Friedrich von Schlegel, Ellen J .

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