2000: Politische Morde: Tod in Rom – Der Fall Aldo Moro, Regie: Michael Busse, Maria-Rosa Bobbi. Hän oli Italian pitkäaikaisimpia pääministereitä toisen maailmansodan jälkeen: hän oli viiden hallituksen johdossa kahteen otteeseen (1963–1968 ja 1974–1976), yhteensä yli kuusi vuotta. [71], Fanfani retired after several unsuccessful ballots and Moro was then proposed as candidate by the left-wing faction; however the right-wing strongly opposed him and the moderate conservative Christian Democrats Giovanni Leone was slightly preferred to him. Er sympathisierte zunächst mit dem Partito Socialista Italiano (PSI), insbesondere mit deren gemäßigtem („rechtem“) Flügel, wandte sich dann aber aufgrund seines ausgeprägten katholischen Glaubens der Christdemokratie zu. Leopoldo Elia | | Franco Maria Malfatti | [34], Als Ausgangspunkt der Verschwörungsliteratur gilt Leonardo Sciascias L’affaire Moro von 1978, gefolgt von Robert Katz’ Days of Wrath 1980 und Sergio Flamignis Tela del ragno 1988. | He asserted that Gladio had manipulated Moretti as a way to take over the BR in order to effect a strategy of tension aimed at creating popular demand for a new, right-wing law-and-order regime. Aldo Moro (4.–5.) Giulio Andreotti (3.–5.) [120], According to media reports on 26 September 2012, the Holy See has received a file on beatification for Moro; this is the first step to become a saint in the Roman Catholic Church.[121]. Einige Briefe, Antworten darauf und Texte der Entführer wurden auszugsweise im Corriere della Sera abgedruckt und sorgten für eine hitzige öffentliche Debatte. Alcide De Gasperi (2.–3.) Am 9. Dalla Chiesa once stated: "Italy can survive the loss of Aldo Moro, but it would not survive the introduction of torture. [75], According to what was Moro's daughter, Maria Fida, stated in 2004, Moro should have been on board, but a few minutes before departure he was joined by some officials of the Ministry who made him get off to sign some important documents. | [65] Abu Sharif also declared:" I personally followed the negotiations for the agreement. [24] In the following year he resulted among the most voted during the party's congress. Tommaso Morlino (1.–3.) Arnaldo Forlani | He served as 38th prime minister of Italy from December 1963 to June 1968 and then from November 1974 to July 1976. Schließlich war es Aldo Moro, der nach jahrelangen Verhandlungen zwischen Österreich und Italien im November 1969 als Außenminister mit seinem Kollegen Kurt Waldheim den Operationskalender zur Beilegung des Südtirol-Konflikts vereinbart hat. | According to him, the decision to have Moro killed was taken during the fourth week of his detention, when Moro was thought to be revealing state secrets in his letters,[114] namely, the existence of Gladio. | Aldo Moro (n. 23 septembrie 1916, Maglie, Italia – d. 9 mai 1978, Roma, Italia) a fost un om politic italian, președinte Partidului Democrația Creștină, răpit în 16 martie 1978 în drum spre Parlament, unde urma să aibă loc ședința de investitură a noului guvern, ucis în 9 mai 1978 de … [76] According to some reconstructions, Aldo Moro would have been the real target of the attack. | Emilio Colombo | [8] During his university years, Italy was ruled by the fascist regime of Benito Mussolini, and Moro took part in students competitions known as Lictors of Culture and Art organised by local fascist students' organisation, the University Fascist Groups. | Anschließend war sein Verhältnis zum Ministerpräsidenten und DC-Parteipräsidenten Alcide De Gasperi, der sich sehr für den NATO-Beitritt eingesetzt hatte, belastet. | Giuseppe Pella | [49], On 25 June 1964, the government was beaten on the budget law for the Italian Ministry of Education concerning the financing of private education, and on the same day Moro resigned. [23] In 1955, was appointed as Minister of Grace and Justice in the cabinet led by Antonio Segni. Paolo Gentiloni | In 1945, he married Eleonora Chiavarelli (1915–2010), with whom he had four children: Maria Fida (born 1946), Agnese (1952), Anna, and Giovanni (1958). The landslide caused a megatsunami in the artificial lake in which 50 million cubic metres of water overtopped the dam in a wave of 250 metres (820 ft), leading to the complete destruction of several villages and towns, and 1,917 deaths. Der genaue Inhalt seiner Aussage blieb unter Verschluss. After a few days, even Pope Paul VI, a close friend of Moro's, intervened,[98] offering himself in exchange for Aldo Moro. [31] In the party's national council, Moro was elected Secretary of DC and was then confirmed in the October's congress held in Florence. [8], Nachdem Dossetti die Politik verlassen hatte, gründete Moro gemeinsam mit Amintore Fanfani, Mariano Rumor und Paolo Emilio Taviani den Parteiflügel Iniziativa Democratica,[10] dem (mit der wichtigen Ausnahme Giulio Andreottis) die meisten aufstrebenden jungen Parteifunktionäre angehörten und die nach dem Tod De Gasperis 1954 jahrelang die Führung innerhalb der Partei übernahmen. Nach dem Erfolg mit dem Film “Il Traditore” (Der Verräter), den er bei den letzten Filmfestspielen in Cannes vorgestellt hat, hegt der italienische Regisseur Marco Bellocchio weitere Pläne. Growth to Limits: The Western European Welfare States Since World War II Volume 4 edited by Peter Flora. [4], Nach dem Sturz Mussolinis 1943 begann sich Moro für Politik zu interessieren und gründete die Zeitung La Rassegna. [16] In 1945 he became director of the magazine Studium and president of the Graduated Movement of the Catholic Action (AC), a widespread Roman Catholic lay association. | Amintore Fanfani | Bei dem Überfall wurden seine fünf Leibwächter ermordet. Paolo Gentiloni | Der Streit zwischen Italien und Österreich konnte schließlich 1992 vor der UNO beigelegt werden. Die Zahl der Maßnahmen steigt auf 137. | Giuseppe Grassi (1.–2.) Da der Fall kein versöhnliches Ende fand, blieb er für die Öffentlichkeit unabgeschlossen. [57] The socialists and the social democrats run in a joint list named Unified Socialist Party (PSU), which however lost many votes compared to the previous election, while the communists gained ground, achieving 30% of votes in the Senate. Mino Martinazzoli | Ab den 1950er Jahren nahm er politische Spitzenpositionen ein und war von 1963 bis 1968 und von 1974 bis 1976 Ministerpräsident des Landes. Fernando Tambroni | This position was in stark contrast to the requests of Moro's family. ), Der Titel dieses Artikels ist mehrdeutig. Eine eigenständige, vom größeren Tiroler Kontext abgetrennte Geschichte Südtirols begann mit der Besetzung der Region durch italienische Truppen im November 1918. [73], On 4 August 1974, a bomb exploded on the Italicus Express, killing 12 people and injuring 48. Giulio Andreotti (6.–7.) Mai 1978 wurde Moro nach 55-tägiger Geiselhaft tot im Kofferraum eines roten Renault 4 aufgefunden, der in der Via Michelangelo Caetani stand – genau zwischen dem Eingang des Centro Studi Americani und der Chiesa di Santa Caterina dei Funari, in der Innenstadt Roms, unweit der Sitze von PCI und DC. Dokumentation. [36] 2008 behauptete der Psychiater Steve Pieczenik, der als Vertreter der amerikanischen Regierung den Krisenstab während der Moro-Entführung beraten hatte, man habe die Roten Brigaden instrumentalisiert, um Moro zu töten und eine Regierungsbeteiligung des PCI zu vermeiden. This is the widely cited translation. Antonio Martino | [110][111], In 2006, the Harvard and MIT educated American psychiatrist and former Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for Management, Steve Pieczenik, was interviewed by Emmanuel Amara in his documentary film Les derniers jours d'Aldo Moro ("The Last Days of Aldo Moro"). On 19 March 1943 the group reunited in the house of Giuseppe Spataro officially formed the Christian Democracy (DC). [14] In 1963 Moro was transferred to La Sapienza University of Rome, as a professor of the institutions of law and criminal procedure. 1941 wurde Moro Dozent für Rechtsphilosophie und Kolonialpolitik und im selben Jahr in den Weltkrieg eingezogen, aber im Süden eingesetzt, weshalb er keine Kampfhandlungen erlebte. [100], On 2 April Romano Prodi, Mario Baldassarri,[101] and Alberto Clò, three professors of the University of Bologna, passed on a tip about a safe-house where the Red Brigades might have been holding Moro. Lamberto Dini (1.–4.) Diese Seite wurde zuletzt am 6. | | Die Verbindung zwischen Moro und Waldheim dürfte über Jahre gehalten haben. [6] Der Erzbischof von Bari Marcello Mimmi, der auf Moro bereits 1934 aufmerksam geworden war, überzeugte diesen, sich 1946 für die Verfassunggebende Versammlung zur Wahl zu stellen. [51][52] Moro, on the other hand, managed to form another centre-left majority. [32] Im Januar 1982 glaubten 58 Prozent der Italiener laut einer Umfrage, dass die Terroristen von einer ausländischen Macht gesteuert waren, und es entstand eine Deutungsdichotomie zwischen den Anhängern dieser Verschwörungsvorstellungen und denen der offiziellen Erklärung. Angelino Alfano | [14], Nach der Parlamentswahl im April 1963 gelang es Moro beinahe, eine Mitte-links-Regierung zu bilden. Susanna Agnelli | | | Bettino Craxi (1.–2.) Er war mit acht Schüssen ermordet worden. Mario Monti | The United States feared that the cooperation between PCI and DC might have allowed the communists to gain information on strategic NATO military plans and installations. [18] Moro run for the constituency of Bari–Foggia, where he received nearly 28,000 votes. | Als Garantie für die Einhaltung der italienischen Zusagen wird ein Operationskalender erstellt. Enzo Moavero Milanesi | Der Titel lautet nämlich „Maßnahmen zugunsten der … | Aldo Moro was a great man, a true patriot, who wanted to save Italy some headaches, but I never met him. Der Historiker Richard Drake hält die Verschwörungstheorien in Italien für noch intensiver und weiter verbreitet als diejenigen beim Attentat auf John F. Kennedy in den USA. Massimo D’Alema (1.–2.) During the negotiations, Nenni had accepted the downsizing of his reform programs and, on 17 July, Moro went to the Quirinal Palace, with the acceptance of the assignment and the list of ministers of his second government. "[103][104][105], During his kidnapping, Moro wrote several letters to the leaders of the Christian Democrats and to Pope Paul VI, who later personally officiated in Moro's funeral mass. [61], During his ministry, Moro continued the pro-Arab policy of his predecessor Fanfani. Such a move made an eventual cooperation more acceptable for Christian democratic voters, and the two parties began an intense parliamentary debate, in a moment of deep social crises. [17], Bereits nach einem halben Jahr kam es jedoch zu Spannungen in der Regierung, die PSI stellte weitgehende Forderungen – vor allem in der Schulfrage – und drohte, andernfalls die Koalition platzen zu lassen. Seine Eltern arbeiteten – wie schon sein Großvater väterlicherseits – in der Volksschulbildung. [119], Due to his reformist stances but also for his tragic death, Moro has often been compared to John F. Kennedy and Olof Palme. [45] Der Papst, der Moro seit dessen Studententagen kannte, hielt unter Bruch des vatikanischen Protokolls einen Gedenkgottesdienst für den Laien ab. Im selben Jahr wurde Moro Mitglied des Laienzweigs bzw. | Beniamino Andreatta | Aldo Moro (1.–3.) Aldo Moro (it. Giuseppe Medici | [85], Despite the tensions within government's majority, the close relations between Moro and the communist leader, Enrico Berlinguer, guaranteed a certain stability to Moro's governments, allowing them a capacity to act that went beyond the premises that had seen them born. September 1916 in Maglie, Apulien; † 9. | In deutscher Sprache hat unter anderem die Journalistin Regine Igel diese Spekulationen genährt. After the deal, every time I came to Rome, two cars were waiting for me to protect myself. Giacinto Bosco (1.–2.) 0471 884161 [email protected] (www.conservo.wordpress.com) Helmut Golowitsch legt Österreichs bisweilen heuchlerisch betriebene Südtirolpolitik offen Von Reinhard Olt *) Ob unmittelbar nach dem Zweiten Weltkrieg tatsächlich die Chance für die in eindrücklichen Willensbekundungen der Bevölkerung sowie in politischen und kirchlichen Petitionen zum Ausdruck gebrachte Forderung … [106], When it became clear that the government did not want to negotiate, the Red Brigades had a "people's trial", in which Moro was found guilty and sentenced to death. Silvio Berlusconi (2.–3.) So hält Abse den auch von Angehörigen Moros erhobenen Vorwurf an die DC-Führung, sie habe mögliche Verhandlungen mit den Entführern ausgeschlagen und die Suche nach Moro behindert (Jens Petersen: „Strategie des Nichtfindenwollens“), für diskussionswürdig. Diese sollten schlussendlich drei Jahre dauern. [25] On 20 May, Adone Zoli sworn in as new head of government and Moro was appointed Minister of Education[26] However, after the 1958 general election, Zoli resigned and, on 1 July 1958, Fanfani sworn in as new Prime Minister at the head of a coalition government with the PSDI, and a case-by-case support by the Italian Republican Party (PRI). Oronzo Reale (4.–5.) | Er befürwortete den vom Chef des Partito Comunista Italiano (PCI), Enrico Berlinguer, 1973 vorgeschlagenen „Historischen Kompromiss“ (compromesso storico), einen Solidaritätspakt zwischen den Eurokommunisten der PCI und der DC, um das Problem der Wirtschaftskrise zu lösen. Enrico Letta | "[112][113], Pieczenik maintained that the U.S. had had to "instrumentalize the Red Brigades." Nitto Palma | Giovanni Fasanella and Alberto Franceschini (with a postscript by Judge Rosario Priore, a judge in the Moro case), Italian Catholic Federation of University Students, Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine, "[Pillole di storia italiana] Le riforme del primo centrosinistra: Moro tessitore d'Italia", La lezione di Aldo Moro quarant'anni dopo, FUCI – Sito Ufficiale della Federazione Universitaria Cattolica Italiana, Vi racconto la storia dimenticata del giovane Aldo Moro di destra, Morta Eleonora Chiavarelli, la moglie di Aldo Moro, "30Giorni | Ricordare Piccioni (Giulio Andreotti)", La «santità» di Aldo Moro secondo Dossetti, "Aldo Moro, Intervento all'Assemblea Costituente", Elezioni 1946: Circoscrizione Bari–Foggia, Elezioni 1948: Circoscrizione Bari–Foggia, Storia della Democrazia Cristiana. Franco Frattini | In 1953, Moro was re-elected to the Chamber of Deputies, where he held the position of chairman of the DC parliamentary group. [clarification needed] Moreover, he was appointed Minister of Justice and of Public Education during the 1950s. In 1939, under approval of Giovanni Battista Montini, the future Pope Paul VI, whom he had befriended, Moro was chosen as president of the association; he kept the post until 1942 when he was forced to fight in the World War II and was succeeded by Giulio Andreotti, who at the time was a law student from Rome. [47] The DC accused the PCI of political profiteering from the tragedy, promising to bring justice to the people killed in the disaster. Aldo Moro holttestét Róma belvárosában, egy parkoló autó csomagtartójában találták meg 1978. május 9-én. Diese Amtszeit fiel in die sogenannten „bleiernen Jahre“ (anni di piombo), die von Terroranschlägen der extremen Linken und Rechten geprägt waren. | Mittelschule Salurn „Dr. Emma Bonino | Giuseppe Conte (1.–2. In 2005, Sergio Flamigni, a leftist politician and writer, who had served on a parliamentary inquiry on the Moro case, suggested the involvement of the Operation Gladio network directed by NATO. Guido Gonella | Die Arbeiten von Vladimiro Satta zu den Details der Entführung, von Agostino Giovagnoli zu den Reaktionen der Eliten, von Miguel Gotor zu Moros Briefen aus der Gefangenschaft und von Renato Moro zur Ideenwelt seines Onkels hätten die bisherigen Deutungsdichotomien aufzulösen geholfen. Aldo Moro ( anhören?/i; * 23. | Mario Scelba | Jessica Kraatz Magri, Bruno Franceschini: Federazione Universitaria Cattolica Italiana, „Die Entführung und Ermordung Aldo Moros“ im Artikel Rote Brigaden, Quellen und Forschungen aus italienischen Archiven und Bibliotheken, https://de.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Aldo_Moro&oldid=202544101, Mitglied der Abgeordnetenkammer (Italien), „Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike“, italienischer Politiker, Ministerpräsident (1963–1968 und 1974–1976). [102], During the investigation of Moro's kidnapping, some members of law enforcement and of the secret services advocated for the use of torture against terrorists, but prominent military like General Carlo Alberto Dalla Chiesa were against this. Mai 1957 Justizminister, danach bis 1959 Bildungsminister; in dieser Zeit wurde 1958 Staatsbürgerkunde (educazione civica) als Unterrichtsfach eingeführt. Aldo Moro developed his interest in politics between 1943 and 1945. [84], Some nationalist politicians called for the prosecution of Moro and his Foreign Affairs Minister, Rumor, for the crime of treason, as stated in Article 241 of the Italian Criminal Code, which mandated a life sentence for anybody found guilty of aiding and abetting a foreign power to exert its sovereignty on the national territory. | Die ebenfalls mit Moro befasste, von 2002 bis 2006 tagende Mitrochin-Kommission blieb gleichermaßen ohne schlüssige Ergebnisse und diente einmal mehr der Diskreditierung und Delegitimierung der jeweiligen politischer Gegner. 1945 wurde er Präsident des Absolventenverbands der Katholischen Aktion Italiens und Herausgeber der Zeitschrift Studium. [95], On 16 March 1978, on Via Fani, in Rome, a unit of the militant far-left organisation known as Red Brigades (BR) blocked the two-car convoy which were carrying Moro and kidnapped him, murdering his five bodyguards. | | [48], Differently from his predecessor, Giovanni Leone, who even became the head of SADE's team of lawyers, Moro acted strongly to condemn the managers of the society, immediately dismissing the administrative officials who had supervised the construction of the dam. 9 39040 Salurn. | Amintore Fanfani (4.) Dezember – wurde in einer formellen Abstimmung auch vom italienischen Parlament mit großer Mehrheit Zustimmung für das Paket signalisiert. [6] In 1934, his family moved to Bari, where he studied law at the local University, graduating in 1939. A number of films have portrayed the events of Moro's kidnapping and murder with varying degrees of fictionalization including the following: Coalition crisis and presidential election. Um den nie vollständig aufgeklärten Fall Moro ranken sich Spekulationen über eine Involvierung staatlicher und geheimdienstlicher Akteure. | [40] A law, approved on 22 July 1966, extended social security insurance to small traders, while law of 22 July 1966 extended health insurance to retired traders. [3] There has been speculation that during his detention, many knew where he was hidden. However his candidacy was weakened by the divisions within his own party and the candidacy of the socialist Francesco De Martino, who received votes from PCI, PSI and some PSDI members. As a Christian democrat with social democratic tendencies, Moro is widely considered one of the ideological fathers of modern Italian centre-left. The agreement was defined and since then we have always respected it; we were allowed to organize small transits, passages, purely Palestinian operations, without involving Italians. Moro's body was left in the trunk of a red Renault 4 on Via Michelangelo Caetani towards the Tiber River near the Roman Ghetto.[109]. Original Italian: Report of Conadep (National Commission on the Disappearance of Persons): Prologue – 1984. [30] Eine vom italienischen Parlament 2014 eingesetzte weitere Untersuchungskommission legte 2015 einen Zwischenbericht vor, nach dem der inhaftierte Camorra-Anführer Raffaele Cutolo Moro angeblich hätte retten können, wie er es 1981 in einem anderen Entführungsfall getan hatte. Für italienische Verhältnisse galt Moros erste Amtszeit als recht stabile Phase.[19]. [28] Vom 23. Giovanni Leone | According to him, the DC should have been as the centre of a coalition system based on the principles of consociative democracy. Tweet. Le correnti, Elezioni del 1953: Circoscrizione Bari–Foggia, Ritorno a scuola, educazione civica in 33 ore, Scuola, il Parlamento prepara il ritorno in grande stile dell'educazione civica, VII Congresso Nazionale della Democrazia Cristiana, "Cinquant'anni fa nasceva il centrosinistra poi arrivarono i 'nani' della politica", Legge "Ponte" n. 765/1967 del 6 agosto 1967 (GU n. 218 del 31-8-1967), "Il centrosinistra e le riforme degli anni '60", "Il centro-sinistra e i governi Moro - Istituto Luigi Sturzo", La svolta di Aldo Moro: i governi di centrosinistra, Il 9 settembre 1963 il disastro del Vajont: commemorazioni in tutta la regione, "Vaiont Dam photos and virtual field trip", Tempers Flare as Italian Parliament Fails to Elect New President, Aldo Moro, il vero artefice della svolta verso il mondo arabo, “Fu il Lodo Moro a tenere gli italiani al sicuro a Beirut nell’82”, Aldo Moro, parla Abu Sharif: «Un mese prima del sequestro Moro ho dato io l’allarme a Roma», Mastelloni : “Così nel ’71 bloccammo un golpe Gheddafi”, Corsa al Quirinale: l'elezione di Giovanni Leone, Elezione del Presidente della Repubblica, 1971, «Moro salì sull'Italicus ma fu fatto scendere», Italicus: storia di un mistero italiano in dieci punti, IV Governo Moro – Coalizione politica DC–PRI, Aldo Moro: uomo del riformismo e del compromesso, Aldo Moro e la ferita del Trattato di Osimo, Berlinguer, teoria e tecnica del compromesso storico, "Cos'è il compromesso storico?

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